Monday, March 11, 2019

Homemade Pita Bread and Beet Baba Ganoush - Baking with PNW Grains

Making pita at home is fun and easy! Now that I've done it, I think I'll do it a lot more. Any time I make hummus from scratch or roast chicken shawarma, there's time to make fresh pita. The beet baba ganoush is a delightful winter substitution when eggplant is out of season - you can also try it with other roasted veggies.

Back in Albuquerque, we loved this Middle Eastern restaurant and grocery called San Pedro Mart - a hidden gem, in true ABQ style. The building was obviously an old mini-mart, off a seemingly characterless thoroughfare, but wow, did they make great pita and falafel. Every time I eat pita, I think of that place.

There was a guy about our age behind the counter who absolutely cranked it out all day long - the crispiest falafel in town, silky hummus, spicy shawarma, creamy fava bean foul mudammas... and fresh pita. You could buy pita by the dozen and they were so delicious.

All the while he was chatting, serving tables, cleaning up, super friendly and so energetic. I remember one night he told us he wanted to go on the cooking show Hell's Kitchen, and I thought yeah - he could totally do it. I know I couldn't handle that kind of heat, but I can make pita at home when I can't go to San Pedro Mart.

I'm so excited to try all the fresh-milled Methow Valley flours I got in the Bluebird Grain Farms sampler pack. For this recipe I used 100% Pasayten Hard White wheat flour and it made gorgeous, flavorful pita - they even puffed up just like they're supposed to! The hard white wheat looks like white flour but is actually whole grain.

Pita Bread (adapted from David Tanis, New York Times)

2 tsp (1 packet) active dry yeast
1/2 tsp sugar
1 C lukewarm water
2 1/4 C hard white wheat flour, plus more for kneading and rolling
1 tsp salt
2 Tbs olive oil

Whisk yeast, sugar, and water together in a medium bowl, then stir in 1/2 cup flour. Let it rise in a warm place about 15 minutes. This is called making a sponge. It allows the flour to soak up water and the yeast to grow without salt (which slows down these processes).

Add the olive oil, salt, and remaining flour. Stir until a shaggy dough forms. Knead in the bowl for a minute to combine, then turn out onto a clean work surface. Knead lightly for 2 minutes, adding flour as needed to keep dough from sticking to your hands. It should be soft and moist. Cover the dough with plastic wrap or a damp towel and let it rest 10 minutes, then knead again for 2 minutes. At this point you can refrigerate the dough for a day or two.

Clean the bowl and put the dough back in. Cover and let it rise for 1 hour, or until doubled in size. Heat oven to 500F. Place a baking sheet or stone on the lowest rack of the oven.

Gently deflate the dough and break it into 8 pieces of equal size. Roll each piece into a ball, cover them all with a towel or plastic wrap, and let them rest 10 minutes.

One at a time, roll out a ball of dough to about 1/8 inch thick. It should be about 6-8 inches wide. Carefully lift the disc and slap it on the baking sheet. Bake 2 minutes (it should puff up during this time) then flip and bake 1 more minute. It should be pale with just a few brown spots. Transfer to a basket lined with a napkin and cover. Repeat until you have 8 pita!

If your first pita doesn't puff, don't worry - it will still be delicious. Try rolling the next one a bit thicker. If that doesn't work, try thinner. Another thing that can help is to close the oven for a minute after removing each pita, so it gets back up to full temperature.

Beet Baba Ganoush

1 pound beets
2 Tbs olive oil
1 Tbs tahini
Juice of 1/2 lemon
1/2 clove garlic, grated
1/2 tsp salt, or to taste
1 Tbs za'atar or parsley for garnish (optional)

Cut beet into 1/2 inch chunks, toss with 1 tablespoon olive oil. Roast at 500F for about half an hour. Combine with all remaining ingredients in a food processor and blend until fairly smooth. Adjust seasonings to taste.

Friday, February 22, 2019

Einkorn Apple Muffins - Baking with PNW Grains

Well, the last of the Seattle Snowpocalypse has almost finished melting - just a few piles remain at the edges of our driveway and steps where my sweet husband diligently shoveled it. We got more than a foot of snow, which is incredible for Seattle! I've never seen or even heard of this much snow actually in the city, in all my years growing up here and visiting family when we didn't live here. We couldn't go anywhere for days! Our road got plowed, but the steep side streets on our hill were basically sledding runs for two weeks.

So I just stayed inside all warm and cozy, baking up a storm with all the wonderful flours I recently ordered from local growers and millers. These muffins are adapted from a Joy of Cooking recipe with 100% einkorn flour substituted for the all-purpose flour. I also substituted olive oil for butter, because I couldn't get out to the store! And I made them heart-shaped, of course, since it was Valentine's Day. They turned out absolutely fantastic.

I am so excited about locally grown grains right now! I'm also fascinated by the milling process and how changes over the last century have affected local grain economies, which were once common. Last month, I attended the Cascadia Grains Conference to learn about all the fabulous things local farmers, millers, malters, brewers, and bakers are doing in the Pacific Northwest. And as soon as I got home, I started ordering samples.

Camas Country Mill is in Oregon's Willamette Valley near Eugene, and they stone-mill their grains, which means that the whole wheat kernel is ground up together, including the bran and germ. In a roller-milling process, as is used for most flours, the bran and germ are typically separated from the kernel and if a whole wheat flour is desired they add some bran back in. For more info on these processes, check out Amy Halloran's article, What's the Difference Between Regular and Stone-Ground Flour?

Bluebird Grain Farm in Washington's Methow Valley grows and mills their own grains on a hammer mill, which also keeps the whole wheat kernel together throughout the process and doesn't heat it up as much as stone milling.

Palouse Heritage grows heirloom grains on their farm in Eastern Washington and gets them milled at Fairhaven Organic Mill, which is also a stone mill.

Einkorn is one of the earliest cultivated forms of wheat, technically a different species (Triticum monococcus) from modern wheats (Triticum aestivum). In French it's called petite épeautre; in Italian it's piccolo farro. Einkorn is higher in protein, healthy fats, and minerals than most wheat. It has low gluten, and the gluten has a simpler structure than in other wheats. Most importantly, it's delicious! Super nutty and rich tasting. I'm sold. Especially for muffins, where you don't want to overmix the batter because you don't want the gluten to develop and make them tough.

Einkorn Apple Walnut Muffins

1 1/2 cups whole-grain einkorn flour
2 teaspoons baking powder
1 1/2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
1 teaspoon baking soda
1/2 teaspoon salt
1 1/2 cups coarsely grated apples
2 large eggs
3/4 cup sugar
5 tablespoons olive oil
1/2 cup coarsely chopped walnuts

Preheat oven to 400F. Grease a muffin pan or line with paper cups.

Whisk dry ingredients together in a medium bowl. Whisk eggs and sugar together in a large bowl, and add the grated apples. Let them stand for 10 minutes to allow the juice of the apples to release. Add the oil and nuts. Fold in the flour mixture until just combined - it should be lumpy.

Pour into muffin cups - only fill them about 2/3 full so that they don't overflow in the oven. Bake until a toothpick inserted in the center of a muffin comes out clean. This takes about 14-16 minutes for regular muffins, a bit longer for my big heart-shaped muffins. Let the muffins cool for a few minutes before removing from the pan. If they stick, run a knife around the edges to loosen them.


Wednesday, September 7, 2016

Melon and Tomato Salad

I've been known to go a little bit melon crazy. The array of melons at the farmers' markets is always amazing, a fact I only started noticing in recent years.

This week I bought a gorgeous orange-fleshed, palest green-skinned honeydew and a green-fleshed, yellow-skinned canary melon from Tonnemaker Orchards at the Columbia City farmers' market. I couldn't resist a fat, crinkly Crenshaw melon down the way. And summer's not really over if you're still eating watermelon, right? Ok, so I now have 4 kinds of melons on the kitchen counter.

What to do with all these melons? It's weird, but there are not a lot of great recipes out there using melons. (Except watermelon. That feta and mint salad is everywhere now. And I've even seen a recipe watermelon poké with soy sauce!) Maybe it's just because most people just eat the orange and green-fleshed melons fresh without embellishment.

Melon with prosciutto is a classic, but I was looking for adventure. On the other end of the spectrum, there are plenty of bizarre flights of fancy out there involving melon (see Bon Appetit's retrospective). Recently, there have been a few recipes in food magazines for pickled melon, which turned out to be delicious!

I tried several different melon salad recipes, and merged my favorite aspects from each. Bon Appetit's Tomato, Pickled Melon, and Burrata Salad was marvelous. But this Green Tomato and Honeydew Salad from a 2008 issue of Gourmet was life-changing - the combination of cumin, cilantro, and pepitas was unusual and intriguing. Pepitas are little green hulled pumpkin seeds sometimes used in Mexican cooking; I found them at the Beacon Hill Red Apple Market. Leaving the melon a little longer in the vinegar, as the Bon Appetit recipe suggests, made it even better.

I grew the best tomatoes ever this year - Black Prince! A miracle in Seattle, they are dark red and incredibly sweet and tangy. They were absolutely perfect in this salad. I also love it with my favorite orange heirloom tomato, Dr. Wyche's Yellow, or tomatoes that are green when ripe, like Green Zebra or Aunt Ruby's German Green.

1/2 large honeydew or other orange or green-fleshed melon
1 tsp ground cumin
1/8 tsp ground black pepper
1/2 tsp salt
1 jalapeno, finely minced
1 Tbs white vinegar
1 tsp sugar (optional)
1 large heirloom tomato
1/4 cup fresh cilantro, minced
2 Tbs raw pepitas
1 Tbs olive oil

Quarter the melon lengthwise, peel, and slice crosswise about 1/2 inch thick. Arrange in a single layer in a shallow baking dish.

In a dry skillet on medium heat, toast the ground cumin until it is a shade darker and fragrant (careful, it's easy to burn!) Stir cumin, pepper, salt, jalapeno, and vinegar in a small bowl until the salt is dissolved. Pour over the melon and let it sit for about half an hour.

Slice the tomato and arrange on a plate with the melon. Stir cilantro into the remaining liquid and drizzle over the melon and tomatoes. Wipe out the skillet and toast the pepitas until they begin to blister and brown. Toss them in a small bowl with the oil and a little salt, and sprinkle over the salad.

Thursday, May 19, 2016

Roast Pork and Fennel Sandwich with Romesco Sauce

This is quite possibly the best sandwich I've ever made. It's based on one they serve at The Grove, one of my favorite restaurants in Albuquerque, but I've always wished their version had more romesco and more fennel. Finally, it's perfect (according to me).

When we first moved into our new place in Seattle, I was thrilled to discover there's a fantastic bakery and a fantastic butcher shop right across the street from the awesome yoga place in Columbia City! The first time I walked into Bob's Quality Meats, I saw hanger steak in the case on my left, duck fat and pork neck bones in the freezer on my right, and I knew I was in heaven. They source locally, they have an amazing selection, and they're so friendly... this is the butcher shop of my dreams.

Dave picked up a pork loin at Bob's this week, and cooked it according to the instructions in The Joy of Cooking. It turned out beautifully, nicely browned on the outside and juicy on the inside. I sliced up some gorgeous huge fennel bulbs they had on sale at PCC, and threw them on the pan with the roast to get all soft and caramelized.

Romesco sauce is one of the world's great condiments - spicy, tangy, nutty, and packed with umami. The basic recipe is roasted red peppers (I used jarred ones since they're not in season yet) pureed with almonds, garlic, vinegar, olive oil, and maybe a little chile powder like hot paprika. I threw in some bread crumbs and sundried tomatoes for extra flavor. We've been enjoying the fresh green garlic and smoky goat horn chile peppers from Alvarez Organic Produce in everything this month.

Pile all that up between two slices of Columbia City Bakery's incredibly light and pillowy potato bread, and you have a feast!

3 lbs pork loin
Rosemary (optional)
2 large fennel bulbs
Olive oil for the pan
1/2 cup almonds (preferably sliced or slivered)
1 clove garlic, roughly chopped
3 sundried tomatoes, snipped into small strips
Half a 12-oz jar roasted red peppers
2 Tbs bread crumbs
1/2 tsp hot paprika + 1/4 tsp cayenne, or 1/2 a goat horn or chipotle chile2 Tbs sherry vinegar or red wine vinegar
1/2 cup olive oil

Heat the oven to 450F. Rub the pork loin all over with salt, pepper, chopped rosemary, and a little olive oil. Place it on a rack over a large sheet pan. Trim the bottoms and stems off the fennel bulbs and slice vertically, 1/2 inch thick. Rub the fennel all over with oil and place it flat on the pan around the meat.

Toast the almonds on a sheet pan for 5-10 minutes. Watch them carefully so they don't burn - it can happen really fast!

Roast the pork and fennel for 10 minutes, then turn the oven down to 250F. Turn the fennel over, and continue roasting until a meat thermometer inserted in the thickest part of the roast reads 155F. It should take about another 45-80 minutes, depending on the diameter of the pork loin. If the fennel is not browned on both sides, turn the oven back up to 450F and roast it a little longer to caramelize.

Pulse the almonds in a food processor until they are chopped pretty small. Add the garlic and sundried tomatoes, pulse until they are chopped up pretty small. Add the red peppers, bread crumbs, chile, vinegar, and olive oil. Puree until smooth.

Remove the roast and and vegetables from the oven and let rest for 15 minutes, then slice the pork about 1/4 inch thick. Spread the bread slices with romesco sauce and sandwich a big fennel slice and a few pork slices between them. Voila!

The sandwiches are also great made with cold leftovers, and the romesco sauce makes a great dip for crunchy spring vegetables.

Monday, May 9, 2016

Japanese Knotweed Jam

So, as I started poking around in my new garden, planting a few lettuces, herbs, and such, I noticed this rather distinctive plant coming up around the edges of the concrete retaining walls.

Because it was growing out of cracks, rather than in an obviously planted spot, because of its somehow kinda scary-looking red speckled stem, and because it grew SO FAST, I thought... this looks dangerous. So I posted this picture on Facebook, and sure enough my friend Meghan confirmed, it is the dreaded Japanese Knotweed!

Whoa. I'd heard of it, and its reputation is legend. I'd just never seen it in person before. Incredibly invasive, almost impossible to get rid of, and listed as a noxious weed in at least eight states, including Washington. I guess I had thought it was also known as kudzu, but it's actually not the same thing. Definitely a serious problem, but guess what? It's also edible! It tastes just like rhubarb.

So I made jam and ate it with yogurt! Delicious. Next time I might even try it with some ginger, like the fantastic ginger-rhubarb jam my aunt Sandy sent me a few years ago.

6 cups chopped Japanese Knotweed stems
3 cups sugar (or more, to taste)

Choose stems no more than about 1 inch in diameter, and chop them into pieces about 1 inch long. Once they get this big, they can be really woody, so check them as you go by tasting some of the bigger pieces. If you can't chew them, throw them away until you get up to a more tender part of the stem. You don't want those tough fibers in your jam.

Cook knotweed and sugar in a saucepan on medium heat until it thickens. Stir more frequently as it gets thicker, so it doesn't burn. It's going to turn out a dark green color, like many of the less-red varieties of rhubarb do. If that doesn't appeal, you can always add red food coloring to pretty it up. Chill and serve on toast, with yogurt, or use it in this fantastic Rhubarb Trifle!

Sunday, March 27, 2016

Egg Salad Sandwiches with Bittercress and Rosemary Blossoms

Well, it's been quite the year. Lots of changes, including leaving my beloved New Mexico, the place where my husband grew up and that was my chosen home for fourteen years, to return to Seattle, the place where I was born and where all my mom's family lives.

As the magnificent changes of spring unfold in the Pacific Northwest, I'm still in the midst of my own big transition, but I feel like we've landed in the right place. On this beautiful Easter morning, I am grateful for all the familiar joys of family and places I grew up loving, as well as the fun of exploring new places and new things to do.

We found a great little house with a great little yard, and I'm so excited about all the things I can grow here in Seattle's long, cool spring. Rhubarb, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, lettuce, maybe even watercress! And I'm discovering new weeds, too... like bittercress, also known as shotweed. It's an annual weed with funny-shaped leaves that all grow out from a central point near the ground, little white flowers, and long skinny seed pods that shoot seeds out everywhere when they dry and pop open. It's everywhere now, and it's delicious! It tastes just like watercress, not bitter at all.

One of the most delightful things about our new garden is that it has the most gigantic rosemary bush, taller than me and in full bloom since December! And there is a hummingbird that seems to live in it, or at least spend most of its time there, feeding from the rosemary blossoms. They are such gorgeous, tiny, edible flowers, with a delicate flavor of rosemary.

It just occurred to me recently that I might like egg salad sandwiches, because they are basically like deviled eggs in sandwich form! So here's a simple recipe for egg salad sandwiches that are a great way to use up all those Easter eggs and the perfect vehicle for bittercress and rosemary blossoms.

4 eggs
2 Tbs. mayonnaise
1 tsp. mustard (any kind will do)
A big handful of bittercress
A small handful of rosemary blossoms
4 slices of bread

Mash up the eggs, mayo, and mustard with a fork. Taste and adjust the amount of mustard to your liking. Pick the little tender fronds off the bittercress, wash them well, and dry them in a salad spinner. Pile the egg salad on top of the bread and top with lots of bittercress and rosemary blossoms.  Serve as open-face sandwiches or put the two halves together, whatever suits you in the moment.

Serves 2.

Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Blackened Cabbage with Kombu Brown Butter

When I saw this recipe in last month's Bon Appetit, I knew I had to make it. Isn't it beautiful, the purple cabbage with the purple chive flowers? It came at a perfect time, too, just as I was preparing to give a whole talk on cabbage at the Naked Food Fair! Yeah, I know, I'm a vegetable nerd.

I'm a big believer in getting a little char on all the cabbage-family vegetables - it brings out their incredible sweet, nutty, umami flavors. This recipe takes it to the extreme, and it really is fantastic. The basic idea is you throw a half a cabbage in the pan and let it cook undisturbed so that it gets almost burned, while basting it with butter.

As I was researching for the cabbage talk, I discovered some amazing things about cabbage-family vegetables (actually, cabbage, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, broccoli, kale, collards, and kohlrabi are all botanically the same exact species - Brassica oleracea - just bred for different leaves, flowers, and stems.)
  1. They are well known to help reduce cholesterol - the fiber in cabbage can bind up bile acids, which are synthesized from cholesterol in the body, allowing them to be excreted and thus lowering overall cholesterol. Steaming actually makes the fiber better able to do this. 
  2. Some of the phytochemicals in cabbage-family vegetables are actually being seriously studied for its cancer-prevention properties. A compound called 3,3-diindolylmethane may help mitigate damage caused by radiation treatment. Compounds called glucosinolates are converted to isothiocyanates in your body, with the help of myrosinase enzymes. Raw cabbage has the maximum amount of these compounds, but steaming is not too bad. Cutting the cabbage and letting it sit a few minutes allows the myrosinase enzymes to begin their work.
  3. They have tons of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds too. Anthocyanin in red cabbage is a great example. And a substance called kaempferol in broccoli and kale may lessen the impact of allergens.
So, this recipe is actually kind of the best of both worlds - you get the deep browning that develops great flavor, but the rest of the cabbage just basically steams. 

1 small to medium cabbage
1 Tbs oil
4 Tbs butter
1 strip kombu (kelp) - this is really optional
Chives or other fresh herbs for garnish, finely chopped

Cut the cabbage in half through the core. Save one half for something else, or if you're really skilled, double the rest of the ingredients, get another pan, and do two at once.

Heat the oil in a skillet on medium-high. Set the cabbage in the pan, cut side down, and cook undisturbed for 10 minutes. Don't worry if it looks burned!

Add the butter and baste for 10 minutes (pour spoonfuls of it over top of the cabbage to help cook the top). Don't worry if the butter looks really really brown. Check to see if it is done by poking a skewer or a knife all the way through - if it goes in easily, it's done. If not, keep basting for another few minutes. Crumble the kombu and baste a few times more. Cut in half and serve on two plates, drizzled with some of the brown butter and sprinkled with chives.